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Carcharhinus brevipinna (Valenciennes, 1839)

Spinner shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Carcharhinus brevipinna   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carcharhinus brevipinna (Spinner shark)
Carcharhinus brevipinna
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Philippines country information

Common names: Pating
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Specimens collected by motor ship Spencer F. Baird from Turung Bay, Malampaya Sound, Palawan, October 1947 (no sex, 99.0 cm) (Ref. 280); by the WWF Elasmobranch project with 4 whole individuals and one pair of dried jaws from Pasil Fish Port I. (Cebu); Matahimik, Puerto Princesa City (Palawan); Negros Occidental in Palapala Fish Port, Cadiz City and Sagay Public Market, Sagay, 15 April 1999 (unknown sex and TL) (Ref. 47736, 47737). Reported from Tañon Strait in the Visayas and Sulu-Suluwesi. The Cadiz specimen was noted to be taken from Samal Is., Davao. (Ref. 47736). Also Ref. 244, 9997 (remarked as possible occurrence), 110893. Occurrence: Matahimik, Puerto Princesa City and Turung Bay, Malampaya Sound, Palawan; Pasil Fish Port I., Cebu; Tañon Strait, Visayas; Palapala Fish Port, Cadiz City (noted as taken from Samal Is., Davao) and Sagay Public Market, Sagay, Negros Occidental; Sulu-Sulawesi.
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Compagno, L.J.V., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens and M.N.R. Alava, 2005
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: karcharos (Gr.), sharp or jagged; rhinus, an ancient name for sharks, from rhine (Gr.), rasp, both words alluding to a shark's jagged, rasp-like skin. (See ETYFish);  brevipinna: brevis (L.), short; pinna (L.) fin, referring to small pectoral and first dorsal fins. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 27000), usually 0 - ? m (Ref. 55179).   Subtropical; 40°N - 38°S, 100°W - 155°E (Ref. 55179)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indo-West Pacific, warm temperate and tropical (Ref. 58085). Often referred to as Carcharhinus limbatus in the past.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 205.8, range 170 - 266 cm
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); common length : 250 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); max. published weight: 89.7 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 127272)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. A slender shark with a long, narrow, pointed snout, long gill slits and small, narrow-cusped teeth; first dorsal fin small; no interdorsal ridge; labial furrows longer than in any other grey shark (Ref. 5578). Grey above, white below, with a conspicuous white band on sides; second dorsal, anal, undersides of pectorals and lower caudal-fin lobe black or dark grey-tipped in subadults and adults, but unmarked or nearly so in small individuals (Ref. 9997).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental and insular shelves from close inshore to offshore (Ref. 244). Makes vertical spinning leaps out of the water as a feeding technique in which the sharks spins through a school of small fish with an open mouth and then breaks the surface (Ref. 9997). Feeds mainly on pelagic bony fishes, also small sharks, cuttlefish, squids, and octopi (Ref. 244, 5578). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Forms schools (Ref. 244). Highly migratory off Florida and Louisiana and in the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 244). Regularly caught in fisheries where found (Ref. 244). Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption (Ref. 244). Fins probably used in the oriental shark fin trade, and livers for vitamin oil production (Ref. 9997).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta; bears up to 20 young (Ref. 5578); 3-15 pups (Ref.58048). Size at birth 60 to 80 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 11 February 2020

CITES (Ref. 128078)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 5485)

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22 - 29, mean 27.4 (based on 3950 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00238 - 0.00608), b=3.07 (2.94 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.