Carcharhinus galapagensis (Snodgrass & Heller, 1905)
Galapagos shark
Carcharhinus galapagensis
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Max. size:  370 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 85 kg; max. reported age: 24 years
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 286 m
Distribution:  Circumtropical with a preference for waters around oceanic islands. Eastern Atlantic: including St. Paul's Rocks (Refs. 13121, 52289). Western Indian Ocean: including Walter's Shoal, south of Madagascar. Western Pacific: including Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs. Eastern Pacific: Gal├ípagos (Ref. 58896).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. Low inter-dorsal ridge present (Ref.9997). Dark grey above, light below, fins plain or with slightly dusky tips (Ref. 9997).
Biology:  A common but habitat-limited tropical shark found close inshore to well as offshore near or on insular or continental shelves (Ref. 244). Prefers clear water with coral and rocky bottoms (Ref. 244). Although a coastal pelagic species, it is capable of crossing considerable distances of open ocean between islands (at least 50 km) (Ref. 244). Juveniles restricted to shallower water, in 25 m or less (Ref. 244; 37816). Found in superficial aggregations (Ref. 244). Tends to feed near the bottom but may take bait from the surface (Ref. 5485). Feeds mainly on bottom fishes, also squid and octopi (Ref. 244). In the Galapagos Is. it preys on sea lions and marine iguanas (Ref. 28023). Inquisitive and sometimes aggressive, displaying a 'hunch' position ( arched back, raised head and lowered caudal and pectoral fins, while twisting and rolling) near divers that may be followed by biting (Ref. 58085). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). 6 to 16 young of 57 to 80 cm are born per litter (Ref. 1602).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 07 December 2018 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  traumatogenic
Country info:   

Entered by: Carpenter, Kent E. - 15.06.92
Modified by: Orta├▒ez, Auda Kareen - 17.09.21
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 06.06.95

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