Paraphanius mento (Heckel, 1843)
Pearl-spotted killifish
photo by Karatash, A.

Family:  Aphaniidae (Oriental killifishes)
Max. size:  5 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater, non-migratory
Distribution:  Asia: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and Turkey.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-14; Anal soft rays: 9-13; Vertebrae: 25-26. This species is distinguished by the following: scales along the body 23-28; D 9-14: A 9-13; pectoral fins 12-16; pelvic fin rays 4-6; total gill rakers 11-15; jaw teeth display a long middle cusp and short lateral cusps; otoliths triangular in shape, have a prominent rostrum, and a straight sulcus; vertebrae 25-26, in the vertebral column with 5 preural vertebrae (PU1–5) with long haemal and neural spines, the presence of a small plate in front of the spines of PU5, flank scales are squarish to a vertical oval in general shape; no pelvic axillary scale; gut is s-shaped (Ref. 125310).
Biology:  Found in shallow water among vegetation, where it feeds on insect larvae, crustaceans, and algae. Breeds during the warmer months of the year. (Ref. 13609). 8 cm max TL (Ref. 11028). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 11 March 2013 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.