Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker, 1852)
Humpbacked cardinalfish
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes), subfamily: Apogoninae
Max. size:  17 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 2 m, amphidromous
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Trunk rhombic, mid body below the 1st dorsal base high. Nape moderately concave, snout tip rounded. Maxillary reaching rear border of eye. A distinct black spot just in front of anal base about equal to eye diameter in width.
Biology:  Adults inhabit mangrove estuaries, tidal creeks and lower reaches of freshwater streams (Ref. 44894). Usually found in brackish water or freshwater of river mouths. Nocturnal (Ref. 7300), euryhaline species (Ref. 59012).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 09 October 2020 Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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