Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
Indian mottled eel
Igat,  Moorish eel
Anguilla bengalensis
photo by Ramani Shirantha

Family:  Anguillidae (Freshwater eels)
Max. size:  200 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 6,000.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; brackish; marine, catadromous
Distribution:  Asia: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and the East Indies. Reported from Nepal (Ref. 9496, 12045) and Bangladesh (Ref. 1479).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 250-305; Anal soft rays: 220-250; Vertebrae: 106-112. Body elongate, head conical, flattened dorsally. Mouth terminal, lips prominent, narrow bands of teeth on jaws, broad band on vomer.
Biology:  Lives in freshwaters, but also occurs in estuaries and in the sea during early life and near maturity (Ref. 4832). Occurs in freshwater streams, pools and reservoirs and commonly found in mud substrates of tanks and in deep rock pools of rivers (Ref. 41236). Most common eel in Indian inland waters. There exists a good export market for both live elvers and eels. Highly prized as food fish because of its nutritional value. Fish mucous from live fish mixed with rice or wheat flour is used as medicine for arthritis (Ref. 44150).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 10 August 2019 (A2cd) Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Reported from Lake Lanao, Lake Taal, Lake Mainit, Lake Naujan (Ref. 13446).

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