Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758
Live sharksucker
Live sharksucker,  Parikit banca,  Common remora,  Kamai,  Kemi,  Kimi,  Kimmih,  Kini,  Komi,  Kume,  Kumi,  Kummi,  Lampe,  Ngi-ngi,  Pandawan,  Parakit-ugit,  Parikit-banka,  Parikit-ugit,  Piga-piga,  Slender suckerfish
Echeneis naucrates
photo by Brian Lam@114°E Hong Kong Reef Fish Survey

Family:  Echeneidae (Remoras)
Max. size:  110 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,300.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 85 m
Distribution:  Circumtropical.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 32-42; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 29-41. Description: Greyish with dark brown to blackish mid-lateral stripe bordered by narrow white stripes above and below, from eye to caudal fin base (Ref. 26938, Ref. 90102). Body depth contained in 8-14 times in SL; caudal fin in adults almost truncate with the upper and lower lobes longer than the middle rays; first dorsal fin replaced by a transversal, laminated, oval cephalic disc with 18-28 laminae (Ref. 10970); 21-28 laminae (according to K.R. Sreenath pers. Comm, 11/2010;; also in Ref. 90102) .
Biology:  Most abundant remora in warm waters (Ref. 4389). Occurs near as well as far from the coast (Ref. 5217). Often found free-swimming in shallow inshore areas and around coral reefs (Ref. 26938). Attaches temporarily to a variety of hosts including sharks, rays, large bony fishes or sea turtles, whales, dolphins and also to ships. May follow divers (Ref. 9710); reported to attach itself to a diver's leg (Ref. 57809). Feeds on small fishes, bits of its host's prey and host's parasites (Ref. 26938). Juveniles occasionally act as reef station-based cleaners, where they service parrotfishes (Ref. 40095). Sometimes used by natives to aid in fishing; a line is tied to the caudal peduncle of the remora and then is released; upon attaching to another fish, the remora and its host are hauled in by the fisher (Ref. 9682).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 23 August 2012 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Known from Badian, Cebu (Ref. 58652). Rarely seen in markets (Ref. 2858). Museum: Taytay Bay, angling, FRLM 12147. Also Ref. 48613.

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.