Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical; 10°N - 4°N
Asia: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 16.0, range 14 - 18 cm
Max length : 63.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7308)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occurs in running and stagnant waters (Ref. 4833). Found in fresh and brackish waters and deltas of large rivers, common in ponds and slow flowing rivers with vegetation in plains (Ref. 41236). Inhabits still waters with silt or mud substrate. Believed to be common in rice paddy fields. Nocturnal feeder, on insects and worms.
Deposits eggs on algal masses. Eggs hatch in 1-2 days. Demersal eggs are pale green and 1.3 mm in diameter (Ref. 6028).
Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. (Ref. 6028)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00187 - 0.00559), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.33 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 250).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100).