Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: White Nile including the Sudd and Bahr el Jebel (Ref. 120561), Blue Nile (Ref. 3203, 120561) and Murchison Nile (Uganda) (Ref. 4903). Report from the Malagarazi River (Ref. 54847) questionable (Ref. 120561).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28714)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 24 - 36. Diagnosis: depth of body contained 2.66-3.25 times in standard length, length of head 4.66-5 times (Ref. 4903). Snout short (Ref. 28714), 20-25% length of head (Ref. 4903), deeply rounded and projecting beyond the mouth, which is situated below the nostrils (Ref. 4903, 28714). Mouth inferior; chin not developed, without swelling (Ref. 28714). Teeth notched in young fishes but worn and truncated in adults (Ref. 4903). 3-10 teeth in the middle of each jaw (Ref. 4903, 28714). Dorsal fin between one half and twice the anal fin length (Ref. 28714). Dorsal fin with 34-36 rays; anal fin with 24-36, its origin below the middle of the dorsal; lateral line with 55-65 scales; 12 around the caudal peduncle, which is 2.5-3 times longer than deep (Ref. 4903).
Coloration: dark brown above, silvery-white below (Ref. 4903).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00251 - 0.01261), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).