Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Siphonognathus: Greek, siphon = tube + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 75154). Subtropical; 32°S - 40°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185)
Common along the lower reaches of rocky reefs and drop-offs near the bottom in fine brown and red algae zones or in areas with sparse growths of seagrass.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.3 - 18.4, mean 17.6 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5159 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 326 [174, 743] mg/100g; Iron = 1.91 [1.11, 3.73] mg/100g; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.9] %; Omega3 = 0.227 [0.117, 0.439] g/100g; Selenium = 23.8 [10.6, 53.5] μg/100g; VitaminA = 12.3 [3.3, 45.9] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.68 [1.09, 2.55] mg/100g (wet weight);