Teleostei (teleosts) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Ophidion: Diminutive of Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Müller.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 150 m (Ref. 34024). Subtropical; 47°N - 35°N, 6°W - 42°E
Mediterranean Sea: western and northern regions. Also known from the Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31403); 29.3 cm TL (female)
Uncommon species found in the shallows and to 150 m depth (Ref. 34024). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 10.4 - 19.4, mean 16.5 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00142 - 0.00424), b=3.17 (3.02 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 73.3 [17.2, 216.6] mg/100g; Iron = 1.15 [0.43, 4.44] mg/100g; Protein = 16.9 [14.4, 19.5] %; Omega3 = 0.305 [0.133, 0.685] g/100g; Selenium = 22.9 [4.6, 62.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 13.1 [4.3, 37.3] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.783 [0.412, 1.546] mg/100g (wet weight);