Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Chrominae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); enchrysurus: Named as ἔνχρυσος (en('enchrysos), meaning deepep golden, and ορὺά (o'oura'), for tail, named for its
bright yellow caudal fin. Species authors did not specify whether enchrysurus was intended as an adjective or noun in apposition. Thus, following article 31.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, if it is unclear how the name was intended, the name should then be treated as a noun in apposition..
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 97 m (Ref. 123501), usually 40 - 70 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 32°N - , 95°W - 29°W
Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to the eastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula, western Cuba, Florida, and the U.S. southern Atlantic coast.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Adults inhabit steep slopes and outer patch reefs. They occur in small groups near small outcrops (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
McFarland, E.P., C.C. Baldwin, D.R. Robertson, L.A. Rocha and L. Tornabene, 2020. A new species of Chromis damselfish from the tropical western Atlantic (Teleostei, Pomacentridae). ZooKeys (1008):107-138. (Ref. 123501)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18.8 - 27.3, mean 23.7 °C (based on 112 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00579 - 0.02736), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 107 [51, 170] mg/100g; Iron = 0.844 [0.493, 1.444] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [16.9, 19.4] %; Omega3 = 0.146 [0.082, 0.255] g/100g; Selenium = 31.1 [15.3, 63.1] μg/100g; VitaminA = 146 [41, 499] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.39 [0.91, 2.01] mg/100g (wet weight);