Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 9002), usually 0 - 20 m (Ref. 86913). Temperate
Indo-Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 19;
soft rays: 6 - 8;
Vertebrae: 34. This species is characterized by the following: small mouth, somewhat ventral on head; fleshy lips, upper lip projecting, maxilla reaching a vertical through posterior nostril; small teeth, mainly tricuspid, a few lanceolate, in 3-4 rows in jaws, with outermost row largest; vomerine teeth in small patch; nostrils 2 pairs, anterior pair with fleshy tentaculate flaps on anteroventral margin and posteroventral margin; opercle with broad flat spine, does not extend to the fleshy margin; scales are small, cycloid, embedded, extending on to cheeks and opercles, and forming a sheath along base of spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 86913).
Inhabits weedy reef slopes (Ref. 9002). Feeds on algae (mainly red, Ref. 86913), and the small invertebrates living amongst it. A poor food fish with its flesh described as coarse with a rank flavor (Ref. 86913).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 2000. Review of the southern temperate fish family Aplodactylidae (Pisces: Perciformes). J. Nat. Hist. 34(1):2157-2171. (Ref. 86913)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion