Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala..
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 14°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand (Ref. 4832). Occurs in the upper Mekong, Salween, Irrawaddy, Meklong and upper Chao Phraya basins (Ref. 43281).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116967)
Found in still, shallow, marginal waters of tanks and rivers, mostly with muddy bottoms. They browse close to the substrate in shallow water. Feed on crustaceans, insects and plankton. About 150 eggs are laid in batches of about 20 at a time; eggs hatch in about a day, and fry are free-swimming the next day. Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assumed to be like Barbus conchonius.
Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura and K. Maduwage, 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 23(1):69-95. (Ref. 91036)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00950 - 0.01325), b=3.00 (2.95 - 3.05), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 688 [269, 1,574] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.05 [1.43, 7.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [15.2, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.903 [0.387, 2.149] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.4 [3.7, 34.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.54 [1.99, 29.54] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.46 [1.36, 4.19] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.