Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 9002). Subtropical; 25°S - 44°S, 145°E - 180°E
Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Large schools form in the vicinity of rocky outcrops and in harbors under jetties. Juveniles found in estuaries, mainly in seagrass areas. Secretive during the day, among rocks and hiding in caves and ledges (Ref. 9002). A popular angling fish in southern Queensland and New South Wales (Ref. 33839).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994. The fishes of Australia's south coast. State Print, Adelaide. 992 p. (Ref. 33839)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion