Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 75 m (Ref. 90102), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 9269). Tropical; 35°N - 40°S, 28°E - 107°W (Ref. 57372)
Indo-East-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the easternmost islands of the Pacific Plate (Ref. 6773), including the Desventuradas Is. (Ref. 89357).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4113)
soft rays: 7. Color variable, usually yellow, red or pale tan, often with a weakly pigmented dark spot at posterior dorsal fin base. Illicium about equal to the length of the 2nd dorsal spine. Esca a spherical whitish blob or it may be filamentous. Last ray of pelvic fin bifurcate. Caudal peduncle absent.
Collected from tide pools as well as lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602); secretive among rocks and sponges (Ref. 48635). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 89972). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773). Found among reef crevices or among rubble in 1-75 m, but usually less than 10 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker, 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.2 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 880 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66 [31, 122] mg/100g; Iron = 0.66 [0.34, 1.22] mg/100g; Protein = 18.6 [16.1, 21.8] %; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.046, 0.326] g/100g; Selenium = 23.8 [10.0, 60.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 247 [57, 1,011] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.17 [0.71, 1.86] mg/100g (wet weight);