Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acipenseriformes
(Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae
(Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Borodin.
Similar to A. gueldenstaedti.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 58888). Temperate; 52°N - 36°N, 38°E - 54°E
Eurasia: Caspian basin, most abundant in the southern part (Ref. 59043). Also distributed along the eastern Black Sea (Ref. 58888). International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 137.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 255 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98365); max. published weight: 70.0 kg (Ref. 58888)
Anadromous. Inhabits coastal and estuarine zones at the sea. Breeds in strong-current habitats in main course of large and deep rivers on stone or gavel bottom. Juvenile stay in riverine habitats during their first summer (Ref. 59043). Adults migrating to breed take the path of short, fast flowing mountain rivers (Ref. 33773). Maximum reported length for female is 176.1 cm TL(Ref. 58888).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00229 - 0.00726), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 18.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (85 of 100).