Teleostei (teleosts) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Astronesthinae
Etymology: Borostomias: Greek, boros, -a, -on = gluttonous + Greek, stomías, -ou = a tough, hard -mouthed horse (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lönnberg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 300 - 2630 m (Ref. 5169). Deep-water; 66°N - 66°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: Nunavut south to Bay of Biscay including western Mediterranean. Elsewhere, Southern Ocean from 35°S to 65°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5169)
An oceanic and mesopelagic species usually found deeper than 500 m during the day (Ref. 2802). Feeds on midwater fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 2802).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., 1984. Astronesthidae. p. 325-335. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2802)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.2 - 8.3, mean 4.9 °C (based on 1349 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00171 - 0.01014), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.54 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 35 [21, 84] mg/100g; Iron = 0.533 [0.248, 1.072] mg/100g; Protein = 16.4 [15.3, 17.6] %; Omega3 = 0.362 [0.181, 0.745] g/100g; Selenium = 24 [9, 55] μg/100g; VitaminA = 18.9 [3.9, 91.0] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.419 [0.268, 0.652] mg/100g (wet weight);