Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Croatia in River Lika and its tributary Jadova.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50603)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 37 - 39. Diagnosed from its congeners by the possession of the following characters: conical snout, not stout, terminal mouth; body fully covered by scales, scales relatively small, widely spaced especially on dorsal and ventral surfaces; scales deeply embedded in skin; skin conspicuously thickened in adults especially during spawning season when most scales are not visible; lateral line scales located close to each other and larger than remaining scales of body; and lateral line interrupted or not, usually ending on caudal peduncle, usually with 51-60 pored scales (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams with slow current and clear water. Enters subterranean waters and springs in karstic areas. May live during winter in subterranean waters or hidden in mud depending on water level. After spawning, move into subterranean stretches of streams. May return to surface stream when water level increases again in autumn. Threatened by increasing water abstraction and introduction of Squalius cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00434 - 0.02305), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).