Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Herklotsichthys: After Janus Adrian Herklots, Australian ichthyologist, 1820-1872.
More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Subtropical; 37°N - 12°N, 29°E - 45°E (Ref. 188)
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and possibly Gulf of Aden; an immigrant into eastern Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 188). The names Herklotsichthys punctata and Herklotsichthys punctatus have been widely misused in the literature for another species, Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Ref. 188).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124816); common length : 9.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 15.00 g (Ref. 124816)
Forms schools in coastal waters (Ref. 188). Marketed fresh, dried and dried salted or made into fish balls.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.1 - 29.4, mean 28.9 °C (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).