Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Nettastomatidae
Etymology: Nettastoma: Greek, netta = duck + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); melanura: From the Greek melan meaning black, dark, and oura meaning tail, referring presumably to the dark edges of the posterior part of the dorsal and anal fins..
More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 37 - 1647 m (Ref. 4454), usually 329 - 860 m (Ref. 47377). Deep-water; 45°N - 30°S, 98°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to the Gulf of Guinea including western Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to the Guianas and to southern Brazil (Ref. 47377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 53.5, range 42 - 68.2 cm
Max length : 79.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96016); max. published weight: 255.50 g (Ref. 96016)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 190 - 210. Usually five supratemporal pores, SO5 absent. Lateral line pores 43-49. Median vomerine teeth somewhat enlarged. Posterior nostril near anterodorsal margin of eye.
Occurs in holes on muddy bottoms of continental slope. Feeds mainly on crustaceans (Ref. 4776).
Smith, D.G., 1990. Nettastomatidae. p. 172-175. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4454)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 5.4 - 14.4, mean 10.2 °C (based on 488 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00095 (0.00067 - 0.00137), b=2.95 (2.85 - 3.05), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 12.3 [2.9, 50.7] mg/100g; Iron = 0.319 [0.093, 1.082] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [15.8, 20.8] %; Omega3 = 0.172 [0.056, 0.548] g/100g; Selenium = 15.7 [4.0, 65.6] μg/100g; VitaminA = 13.5 [1.5, 108.4] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.42 [0.19, 1.05] mg/100g (wet weight);