Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phoxinellus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish; diminituve (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 47°N - 42°N, 13°E - 19°E
Europe: streams in Glamočko, Livanjsko poljes; Duvanjsko ploje, Lakes Busko and Blidinje and intermittent streams Korana and Struga near Bosansko Grahovo (Bosnia Herzegovina).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 38 - 40. Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: body naked, without scales except for lateral line scales; 11-42 pored lateral line scales, ending between pelvic fin origin and anal fin origin; caudal fin moderately forked; mouth subterminal (Ref. 59043).
Occur in lowland water bodies, with little current (Ref. 26100). Inhabit streams with clear water and enter subterranean karstic waters during winter or droughts. Spawn in shallower parts of streams where females probably lay 2-3 portions of eggs. Threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and introduction of exotic species; limited data suggest that its decline in the last 10 years is likely to continue due to water abstraction and introductions of exotic species (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00383 - 0.01808), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).