Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Ictaluridae
(North American freshwater catfishes)
Etymology: Noturus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, oura = tail; refred to the position of the tail over the back (Ref. 45335); phaeus: phaeus meaning the color of twilight, referring to the overall dusky color (Ref. 10294).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 37°N - 32°N
North America: Mississippi River tributaries in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and Mississippi, USA; and in southern Arkansas, Louisiana and southwestern Mississippi, USA; Tennessee River tributaries in western Tennessee and northwestern Alabama, USA; Sabine River and Bayou Teche drainages in Alabama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 6.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand-gravel riffles and runs among debris, rocks and undercut banks of springs, creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00251 - 0.01261), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).