Teleostei (teleosts) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: More on author: Bleeker.
Apogonichthyoides enigmaticus is considered valid in Ref. 88147:68.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 60 m (Ref. 30874), usually 10 - 34 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea (Ref. 84159), East Africa to the Philippines (Ref. 559), north to Miyakejima, Japan (Ref. 559) and Taiwan (Ref. 9147), south to northern Australia (Ref. 2334) and Society Islands (Ref. 76833).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); common length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
soft rays: 8. Reddish dorsally, yellowish ventrally. Body depth lower than A. aureus and no wide black band on caudal peduncle (Ref. 559). Juveniles pale with short blue lines on snout (Ref. 48635). Adults to deep golden with blue spots in three rows on mid-lateral surface of body (Ref. 93839).
Inhabits rocky cliffs. Also in sheltered coastal to outer reefs from shallow flats to over 50 m depth. Usually in pairs, small aggregations, or occasionally schooling (Ref. 48635). Occurrence is rather rare (Ref. 559). Feeds on zooplankons and invertebrates (Ref. 89972). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 9710.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1986. Apogonidae. p. 546-561. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4329)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.5 - 29.1, mean 27.5 °C (based on 694 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.26 (3.04 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 163 [86, 279] mg/100g; Iron = 0.975 [0.559, 1.649] mg/100g; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.6] %; Omega3 = 0.112 [0.062, 0.209] g/100g; Selenium = 38.6 [17.7, 84.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 81.8 [26.0, 250.9] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.05 [1.32, 3.00] mg/100g (wet weight);