Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Gerreidae
Etymology: Gerres: Latin, gerres = a kind of anchovies; cited by Plinius.
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 3 - 40 m (Ref. 9002). Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific: Australia, but may occur in southern New Guinea; also reported in New Caledonia..
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9 - 10;
soft rays: 7. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: body oval, greatly compressed and with moderately deep caudal peduncle; moderate-sized and weakly attached scales covering the body and extended over the head; lateral line gradually curved, following contour of back, extending onto caudal fin with several scales; small mouth but greatly protractile; numerous villiform teeth on jaws; dorsal fin spines elevated anteriorly, notched over remaining spines, followed by longer, sub-equal rays; anal fin short-based, similar to and opposite posterior part of the dorsal fin; caudal fin deeply forked; pectoral fins pointed with long upper rays, reaching the anal fin. Colour of adults shiny with dark-tipped dorsal fin; juveniles olive above with some indistinct dark blotching (Ref. 9002).
Found in estuaries, harbors, to fairly deep water along the shores (Ref. 30392); strongly affected by freshwater; and reported to congregate in schools (Ref. 58476).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y., S. Kimura and T. Yoshino, 2007. A review of the Gerres subfasciatus complex from the Indo-west Pacific, with three new species (Perciformes: Gerridae). Ichthyol. Res. 54(2):168-185. (Ref. 58476)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion